After a long night having fun at the BOBCATSSS Gala Dinner, day 2 started with a healthy breakfast at our hotel „Ibis Marne la Vallée Champs“.
The second conference day of BOBCATSSS 2020 was opened by key note speaker Vincent Nozick from Gustave Eiffel University, France. His presentation under the topic „Should you believe what you see?“ gave us an overview of some common falsification tools and their evolution in regard to the emergence of deep learning. We observed how the human brain can be defenceless against computer generated contents and can be fooled if it drops its vigilance. Then he presented a set of digital image and video forensics methods to detect these forgeries. These techniques are based on computer programs where most of them can distinguish tiny details and pixel variation over the image that are imperceptible for the human eye. In the end we also saw the limit of technology to protect us against malicious contains.
PAPER SESSIONS I
With a conference as large as BOBCATSSS, it is common for sessions to run in parallel. So it is impossible to attend all sessions, so the following text only describes the presentations/workshops we attended.
A few of us listened to „University Students‘ Awareness of Fake News on the Web: the Role of Detection Plugins“ by Ivana Čarija, Katarina Brekalo and Josipa Bašić from University of Zadar, Croatia. Misinformation has become common in the online world, where anyone can create and quickly disseminate news to the public around the globe using social media. Young people make the majority of social media users, which makes this population particularly vulnerable to fake news and misinformation. Consequently, a number of plugin extensions exist to support fake news detection and warn users of unreliable and unverified content. The purpose of their paper was to better understand 1) what plugins are currently available in Croatia, 2) students’ attitudes and experiences with fake news and plugin detectors, and 3) how Croatian students evaluate news and their detection strategies.
The next presentation „Library Management of Personal Digital Legacy“ by Andor Nagy from National Széchényi Library, Hungaria was about operational models of digital legacy management services and outline a possible way for the libraries to play its part in managing personal digital legacies. His core message was: Libraries have the opportunity to become an active participant in the efforts towards preventing the 21st century from becoming an information black hole in history.
The last presentation before lunch time was hold by Zsuzsanna Arany-Nagy from Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary. It was about „How Can we Use Smart Classrooms in Library Usage Lessons?“ with the central question „How smart classrooms can change the students‘ learning motivation, and how is their performance changing?“
All in all the motivation changed radically. Students do not like library using lessons, but after the first class with the smart classroom, they changed their mind. They learned proper use of libraries easily. Before these tools, using alphabet was hard for some students, but nowadays they are much more confident with it.
After all this interesting paper sessions it was time for lunch – sadly there were no vegetarian/vegan meals available.
PAPER SESSIONS II
The next paper session was about „How Misinformation and Disinformation Affect the Organization and its Employees‘ Performance in the Digital Era“ from Cláudia Pinto, Milena Carvalho, Susana Martins and Inês Braga from ISCAP – Politécnico do Porto, Portugal. Through the literature review, they intended to reflect on various theoretical issues, highlighting ideas and good practices to combat the danger of this negative reality. These include the need for all employees of an organization to have media literacy skills, which can be fostered and formally provided by the institution through lifelong learning.
After this session Dalbert Marques Oliveira, Patrícia Miranda Pereira, Luis Silva Rodrigues and Inês Braga from Porto Accounting and Business School, Portugal presented „The Information Professional During a Curation Process at WhatsApp Business“. This paper described how the Information Professional manages information during a curation process through WhatsApp Business to ensure that information transmitted, individually or in groups, is current, true and verifiable. In this work it was possible to verify that the curation process can be facilitated with the knowledge and application of several free technologies, available online, which help in the verifiability and timeliness of the transmitted information, as well as the WhatsApp Business tools themselves.
The last paper session of the day for us was presented by Carina Mirassó Pedrós, Juan-José Boté from Universitat de Barcelona, Spain. Their topic was „Information Professional’s Role in Front of Fake News Phenomenon“. The goal of this paper is to analyze the main characteristics of the Fake News phenomenon in the Information Science field. With the digital era and the use of new technologies, new habits to consume information have appeared that have favoured the dissemination of distorted or false information on any digital platform. They reviewed papers and recommendations from a wide variety of institutions as well as international media to elaborate an implementation guide to be useful to the Information Units that are our workspace.
Next part of the day were the poster presentations. First every poster creator had to describe their poster in 1-2 minutes to the audience and then all the students had the chance to look around all the beautiful posters. The best rated poster has the chance to win a 25€ Amazon gift card. The winner will be announced tomorrow.
In the end of the day we were part of a workshop called „Learning how to avoid fake content playing games“ by Marina Encheva and Gergana Yancheva from University of Library Studies and Information Technologies, Bulgaria and Anna Maria Tammaro and Francesco Zanichelli from IFLA. Library Theory and Research Section (IFLA LTR) – The Hague, Netherlands. We had a lot of fun with the other international students.
Last but not least there was a „welcome reception“ with snacks and some champagne. It was a good opportunity to communicate with students from other countries and maybe the start of one or another new friendship.
Lennard Stittgen & Pascal Wissner